Investigation 1: What are the causes and effects of ENSO?

Extensions and Enrichment

Investigation 1 shows that the changing temperatures of the tropical Pacific Ocean greatly affect climate variability. These variations often cause heat waves, droughts, floods, and other disruptive phenomena. Students learn how ENSO works, how it affects the environment, and how it creates problems for humans. The investigation concludes with students role-playing policy-makers and deciding how to allocate Peru's resources to manage for possible ENSO-related problems.

9-12 Module 3 Investigation 1 in .pdf format

Investigation 1 Student Materials in .pdf format


Teaching Tips and Strategies
Assessment Strategies

9-12 Module 1 | 9-12 Module 2 | 9-12 Module 3

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